Application Technology Papers

Scientific Papers authored or co-authored by Vixar, or by others using Vixar VCSELs


VCSELs in the visible to IR as a light source for low light therapy

Klein Johnson; Matthew Dummer; William Hogan; Charles Steidl; Mary Hibbs-Brenner
Proc. SPIE. 8932, Mechanisms for Low-Light Therapy IX, 893206. (February 18, 2014)
doi: 10.1117/12.2040863
VCSELs in the Visible to IR for LLLT

Accurate optical parameter extraction procedure for broadband near-infrared spectroscopy of brain matter

Ebraheem Sultan; Laleh Najafizadeh; Amir H. Gandjbakhche; Kambiz Pourrezaei; Afshin Daryoush
J. Biomed. Opt. 2013; 18(1):017008.
doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.18.1.017008
Available at SPIE Digital Library:

VCSEL-Based Imaging System Monitors Brain Activity

Dr. Ofer Levi
Biophotonics, October 2013 Issue

Rapid monitoring of cerebral ischemia dynamics using laser-based optical imaging of blood oxygenation and flow

Hart Levy, Dene Ringuette, and Ofer Levi
Biomedical Optics Express, 3 (4), 777 (2012)

Continuous sensing of tumor-targeted molecular probes with a vertical cavity surface emitting laser-based biosensor

Natesh Parashurama; Thomas D. O’Sullivan; Adam De La Zerda; Pascale El Kalassi; Seongjae Cho; Hongguang Liu; Robert Teed; Hart Levy; Jarrett Rosenberg; Zhen Cheng; Ofer Levi; James S. Harris; Sanjiv S. Gambhir
J.Biomed. Opt. 2012; 17(11):117004.
doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.17.11.117004
Available at SPIE Digital Library:

Development of VCSELs for optical nerve stimulation

Matthew Dummer; Klein Johnson; Mary Hibbs-Brenner; Matthew Keller; Tim Gong; Jonathon Wells; Mark Bendett
Proc. SPIE 7883 Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics VII, 788351 (February 2011)
doi: 10.1117/12.875750
Development of VCSELs for Optical Nerve Stimulation

Modeling and Tissue Parameter Extraction Challenges for Free Space Broadband fNIR Brain Imaging Systems

E. Sultan, K. Manseta, A. Khwaja, L. Najafizadehc, A. Gandjbakhchec, K. Pourrezaeib, A.S. Daryoush
Proc. SPIE 7902, Imaging, Manipulation, and Analysis of Biomolecules, Cells, and Tissues IX, 790223 (February 10, 2011)
Available at SPIE Digital Library:

Untethered helmet mounted functional near infrared (fNIR) biomedical imaging

K.Manseta, A.M. Khwaja, E. Sultan, P. Daruwalla, K. Pourrezaei, L. Najafizadeh, A. Gandjbakhche, A.S. Daryoush.
Microwave Symposium Digest (MTT), 2011 IEEE MTT-S International. (June 2011)
Available at IEEE Explore:

Multi-modality optical neural imaging using coherence control of VCSELs

Elizabeth A. Munro, Hart Levy, Dene Ringuette, Thomas D. O’Sullivan, and Ofer Levi.
Optics Express 19, (11) 10747-10761 (2011)
Available at OpticsInfoDatabase.:

Implantable semiconductor biosensor for continuous in vivo sensing of far-red fluorescent molecules

Thomas O’Sullivan, Elizabeth A. Munro, Natesh Parashurama, Christopher Conca, Sanjiv S. Gambhir, James S. Harris, and Ofer Levi
Optics Express 18 (12) 12513 (2010)

Fabrication of an integrated 670nm VCSEL-based sensor for miniaturized fluorescence sensing

Thomas D. O’Sullivan*a, Elizabeth Munrob, James S. Harrisa, and Ofer Levib
Proc. SPIE 7615, Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers XIV, 76150D (6 February 2010)
doi: 10.1117/12.842096
Available at SPIE Digital Library:

Computed radiography imaging based on high-density 670-nm VCSEL arrays

Matthew M. Dummer; Klein Johnson; Mikael Witte; William K. Hogan; Mary Hibbs-Brenner
Proc. SPIE. 7557, Multimodal Biomedical Imaging V, 75570H. (February 11, 2010)
doi: 10.1117/12.846312
Computed Radiography Imaging

VCSEL technology for medical diagnostics and therapeutics

M. K. Hibbs-Brenner; K. L. Johnson; M. Bendett
Proc. SPIE. 7180, Photons and Neurons, 71800T. (February 12, 2009)
doi: 10.1117/12.815307
VCSEL Technology for Medical Diagnostics

Low-frequency noise characterization of near-IR VCSELs for functional brain imaging

Thomas T. Lee, Paul G. Lima, James S. Harris, Jr., Krishna V. Shenoya, and Stephen J Smith.
Proc. SPIE 6842, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics IV, 68422T (February 08, 2008);
Available at SPIE:

Integrated semiconductor optical sensors for cellular and neural imaging

Ofer Levi, Thomas T. Lee, Meredith M. Lee, Stephen J Smith, and James S. Harris
Applied Optics 46 (10) 1881 (2007)

Industrial and Military

FR4 Laser Scanner With Dynamic Focus

Serhan O. Isikman, Randy B. Sprague, and Hakan Urey.
IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 21 (4) 233 (February 2009).
Available at IEEE Explore:

VCSEL in interferometry: a comparison to edge-emitting diode lasers regarding their applicability in speckle interferometry

T. Bodendorfer, A. Hesske, C. Sax, A. W. Koch
Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials – Rapid Communications 6 (1-2) 36 (Jan-Feb 2012)

VCSELs for Rubidium D1 (795nm)

Mary Salit, Jeff Kriz, Jeff Ridley, and Rober Compton
Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Precise Time and Time Interval Systems and Applications Meeting (Nov 14, 2011)